Python Basic and Advanced (19.10.2020 - 22.10.2020)


Workspace Setup


This is a preliminary list of very basic topics. The advanced part of the training is under discussion. Please send feedback/suggestions to

  • Variables and Types

    • Numerical types such as integer, floating point, boolean

    • Sequential types such as list, tuple, string

    • Indexing, slicing and other operations on sequential types

    • Associative types such as dictionaries and sets

    • Mutable versus immutable

  • Control Flow

    • if

    • while

    • for: more about iteration

  • Functions

    • Why and how

    • Parameters passing: positional versus keyword parameters, default parameters

    • Return values

  • Exception Handling

    • The exception hierarchy in the standard library

    • How to define custom exception classes

    • Raising exceptions, and reacting on them

  • Strings — Advanced Features

    • String methods

    • Formatting

    • Encoding: what it is, and how Python solves encoding problems

  • File I/O

    • Opening and/or creating files

    • Reading and writing

  • Advanced Topics

    • Database Programming

    • Web Programming with Flask

Additional Topics, brought in by Thomas

  • Programmverweise mit import XY und Aufruf von XY.ZAB

  • JSON Handling

  • Exception Handling

  • with open(eventCodeFile, 'r') as f:
        definedLISAEvents = json.load(f)['event_ids']
  • print (f'bla{variable}blubb'}: was macht das f hier? (habe gesehen, eine verbesserte Stringformatierung in Python3?)


  • Klassen und deren Aufruf im .py Code

  • Headerfiles (.h) verwenden

  • from lib import *

  • .lst Files (Listen?)

  • Socket module

  • Shell script inclusion

  • Code Snippet: @cs.CALLBACKFUNC was macht das?




Day 1

Day 2

  • Observation by Thomas: “as opposed to C# I need to define a function before I can use it”

    Longish answer …

    • Variables are names that refer to objects

    • def is only a statement: creates a function object, and points a name (the function name to it)

    • Cannot use a name that is not there

    • Show how to delete (and resurrect) the int type

  • Exercise: Function: uniq()

    1. Complicated iteration over outputsequence, only to determine membership. First with a flag, then with an else clause.

    2. in operator on outputsequence

    3. Performance: using a set for have-ness

    End result:

    Generator version (can’t resist):

  • Exercise: Functions: join()

    Sketch multiple ways to solve the problem.

    1. Iterate over the input list, manually tracking indexes to determine if we are at the last element.

    2. Iterate over a range object for index keeping, and use index based iteration on the input list.

    3. Another cumbersome but working approach: cut out [1:] from the input list.

    4. Add separator unconditionally after each element, and take correcting action finally.

    5. use enumerate() to iterate over the input sequence and keep the indexes.

  • for loops

  • Generators: Iteration, Generators, And yield

    1. Generate Fibonacci numbers in an infinite loop, and print them as we go. This is not modular (we’re not using a function), but it allows for infinity.

    2. Externalize Fibonacci generation into a function. This is modular, but we have to limit the amount of numbers generated (or we will run out of memory).

    3. Using a function (err, a generator), and have infinity.

Day 3

  • Comprehension expressions

  • File IO

    • File I/O

    • The with statement: context managers

  • Group exercise: discussion

    A CAN bus log is gathered by software running on a device. That log contains CAN frames, basically. It has CSV format, suitable for analysis with Excel. One wants to automate the process of log analysis, at least to a certain extent.

    • Start with the csv module: read the log file, print the content of each row. Iteration, basically, and some tuple unpacking.

    • Sideway: encoding. The logfile is in cp1252 format.

Day 4