Python Basics (23.11.2020 - 25.11.2020)


This is a preliminary list of very basic topics. The advanced part of the training is under discussion. Please send feedback/suggestions to

  • Variables and Types

    • Numerical types such as integer, floating point, boolean

    • Sequential types such as list, tuple, string

    • Indexing, slicing and other operations on sequential types

    • Associative types such as dictionaries and sets

    • Mutable versus immutable

  • Control Flow

    • if

    • while

    • for: more about iteration

  • Functions

    • Why and how

    • Parameters passing: positional versus keyword parameters, default parameters

    • Return values

  • Exception Handling

    • The exception hierarchy in the standard library

    • How to define custom exception classes

    • Raising exceptions, and reacting on them

  • Strings — Advanced Features

    • String methods

    • Formatting

    • Encoding: what it is, and how Python solves encoding problems

  • File I/O

    • Opening and/or creating files

    • Reading and writing


Day 1

Slides through to #77 “References, (Im)Mutability

Day 2

  • Early morning wakeup

    • for, range, and iteration in general

    • Context: variables live in global or local context. Contexts are dictionaries, and variable names are the keys in those dictionaries. Short demo of exec().

  • Functions

  • Exercises: Lists, Loops, Functions. TODO: give links to source on github.

  • More on Lists, Dictionaries, Sets

  • File IO (reading)

Day 3

Starting with a text file like below, apply “transformations” of some sort.

Initial File Content

Exercise: JSON

From the above file, write a program that creates a JSON file that contains the same data as a list of dictionaries:

      "name": "Patrick",
      "birthday": "13.06.1996",
      "birthplace": "Wagna"

The program will be invoked as follows:

$ py <input-file> <output-file>